Selasa, 31 Maret 2009

Korps Marinir

Born on November 15, 1945, the Marine Corps (Kormar) is the Indonesian Navys ground troops. The corps has the duties of, offensively, being the main forces in amphibious combat operations and, defensively, being the quick reaction forces in emergency situation to defend the beach fronts from enemys invasion.

Kormar has been active in various military operations in Indonesia. One of the biggest amphibious military operation was Operation Jayawijaya in which thousands of marines landed in West Irian in the early 60s as a part of Trikora campaign to free West Irian from Dutch occupation.

In 1999 a plan was proposed to expand the Kormar from the current strength of 13,000 personnels. Based on this plan, every Kormars base will have three combat brigades: the Infantry, Cavalry, and Artillery and will be supported by one Combat Support Regiment and one Administration Support Regiment. The expansion will create three Kormar bases: Surabaya for Eastern area command, Jakarta for Central area command, and Rate Island in Lampung for Western area command. The expansion also will increase the strength of Kormar to 23,000 personnels.

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